PERMA stands for the five essential elements that should be in place for us to experience lasting well-being and begin to flourish. These are:
P - Positive Emotion
For us to experience wellbeing, we need positive emotion in our lives. Any positive emotion such as peace, gratitude, satisfaction, pleasure, inspiration,hope, curiosity, or love falls into this category – and the message is that it's really
important to enjoy yourself in the here and now, just as long as the other elements of PERMA are in place.
E - Engagement
When we're truly engaged in a situation, task, or project, we experience a state of flow: time seems to stop, we lose our sense of self, and we concentrate intensely on the present. This feels really good! The more we experience this type of engagement, the more likely we are to experience wellbeing.
R - Relationships
As humans, we are "social beings," and good relationships are core to our well being. Time and again, we see that people who have meaningful, positive relationships with others are happier than those who do not. Other people matter!
M - Meaning
Meaning comes from serving a cause bigger than ourselves. Whether this is a specific deity or religion, or a cause that helps humanity in some way, we all need meaning in our lives to have a sense of wellbeing.
A - Accomplishment/Achievement
Many of us strive to better ourselves in some way, whether we're seeking to
master a skill, achieve a valuable goal, or win in some competitive event. As such,
accomplishment is another important thing that contributes to our ability to
From Flourish: A Visionary New Understanding of Happiness and WellBeing, by Martin E. P.